There are two US universities working on material that should be used to create the mobile processors of the future. The novelty in this case is that it consumes 100 times less energy than the materials used today.
The magnetoelectric multiferroic is a material that may not be very familiar to you, however, in a little over a decade, it may be present in the pockets and bags of all smartphone users.
Under development at the University of Michigan and Cornell University in New York, this new material is expected to be used in the development of mobile processors. The particularity in this case is that it will allow 100 times less power consumption than that used by semiconductor based systems that are more common today and that use a constant flow of electricity. In practice, as The Independent writes, it will be possible to eliminate your cell phone from your daily routine, only having to do it every three months, or … four times a year.
The magnetoelectric multiferroic consists of thin layers of atoms that give it polar magnetic properties. This means that the material can travel between positive and negative charges only with small pulses of energy, which allows the transmission of binary codes – a process necessary to carry out any operation in your mobile phone – with a tiny fraction of electricity.
Currently, electronic equipment consumes about 5% of all global energy, but it is estimated that by 2030 these appliances could account for the consumption of 40% or 50% of the total. Technology like this, however, can substantially reduce these numbers.
In most cases, today’s smartphones have a range of around 24 hours, so the consummation of the use of this material by mobile manufacturers would not only be a milestone in energy sustainability but also a very useful convenience for users who are increasingly dependent on their smartphones.
The first estimates for the availability of this technology, however, date to its debut for 2030, which means that, until then, it is still appropriate to leave the charger at home.